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СодержаниеA organising a mountain holiday B
A check your weight regularly B
A She hopes the exercise will improve her health. B
A explaining something to us B
C It has received a grant for improvements.Part 2.
14. Monica says that most people who buy her book A
A They were concerned about the effects on her health. B
A it would give her an extra source of income. B
B She didn't get on with other members of staff. C
B They are aimed at amateur enthusiasts. C
C They show an unrealistic view of their subject.20.
Do not forget to transfer all your answers to your answer sheet
D Themost convenient is the gym called Third Spacein London’s Soho, which does several sessions a week to live DJ accompaniment.
You are going to read a magazine article about five people who each write a personal blog. For questions 7–15, choose from the p
10 is not concerned about making errors in the blog? 11
15 remembers other people being less open about what they had written?Read the personal stories of three bloggers.
B Dave Armano
C Carol Krishner
Could it be Bigfoot?
16 Steve first realised thatsomething was wrong when A
Департамент образования Ярославской области
Центр образования школьников «Олимп»
Всероссийская олимпиада школьников 2011-2012 учебного года
Английский язык, 9 – 11 классы, муниципальный этап
Автор – составитель:
Морозова Татьяна Степановна,
методист государственного учреждения дополнительного образования детей Ярославской области «Центр образования школьников «Олимп»
You will hearpeople talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer (A, B or C).
What aspect of the course did he find unsatisfactory?
A the level of support from the staff
B the quality of the materials
C the cost for students
What will he be talking about?
^ organising a mountain holiday
B learning mountain-climbing skills
C buying mountaineering equipment
What is the speaker’s advice?
^ check your weight regularly
B build up your muscles
C avoid certain foods
What do they agree about?
A It would be an enjoyable thing to do.
B It would be useful experience for the future.
C It would help them with their college expenses.
Why has the woman decided to use a bike instead of a car?
^ She hopes the exercise will improve her health.
B She is concerned about the environment.
C She can no longer afford the cost.
What is she doing?
^ explaining something to us
B warning us about something
C recommending something to us
How will the weather change tomorrow?
A It will get colder.
B It will get sunnier.
C It will get windier.
What does he say about it?
A It is offering an impressive programme.
B It will be closed down in the near future.
^ It has received a grant for improvements.
You will hear five different people talking about concerts they went to. For questions 9-13, choose from the list (A-F) the opinion each speaker expresses about the concert. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
You will hear an interview with Monica Darcey, who has written a bestselling book about gardening. For questions 14-20, choose the best answer (A, B or C).
^ . Monica says that most people who buy her book
A have made mistakes in gardening.
B are knowledgeable about gardening
C do not trust professional gardeners.
15. How did Monica's parents feel about her early interest in gardening?
^ They were concerned about the effects on her health.
B They were worried that she lacked other interests.
C They feared her enthusiasm would affect her studies.
16. Monica applied to work as a gardening journalist because
^ it would give her an extra source of income.
B she'd found the experience of writing rewarding.
C there might be opportunities to do some research.
17. Why did Monica give up her job on a magazine?
A She got an offer of work somewhere else.
^ She didn't get on with other members of staff.
C She was not interested in the type of work she was doing
18. According to Monica, what makes her gardening books special?
A They are written in an entertaining style.
^ They are aimed at amateur enthusiasts.
C They are the result of detailed research.
19. What does Monica dislike about the photographs in many gardening books?
A They reduce the importance of the writer.
B They help to sell poor quality writing.
^ They show an unrealistic view of their subject.
20. What makes Monica unsure whether to accept a job on television?
A Her publisher may disapprove of it.
B It may make her suddenly famous.
C She would have less time for writing.
You are going to read an article about the music used in gyms. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A – G the one which fits each gap (1-6). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
A But perhaps the most useful thing about music is that it allows even the ordinary gym-goer or runner to practise a technique used by elite athletes, known as ‘disassociation’.
B One of them is that the music must be suitable to the type of class and not just the instructor’s personal enthusiasm for a particular genre or artist.
C This is mostly because only a limited number of them are released for public performance each year, and partly because teachers universally favour the most popular tracks.
^ Themost convenient is the gym called Third Spacein London’s Soho, which does several sessions a week to live DJ accompaniment.
E He was cooling down to techno music, which left him feeling nervous and twitchy all day.
F Choose the right music and, according to Karageorghis, you can up your workout productivity by as much as twenty percent.
G Dr Costas Karageorghis, a sports and exercise psychologist who is also a musician, has spent more than a decade studying the link between athletic activity and music.
Music to get fit by
An aerobics teacher argues that music can increase our workout productivity
At college, I used to go to the gym regularly but I never liked the music they played in the classes. I trained as an instructor largely so that I could have controlof the stereo. Now I teach twenty hours of aerobic classes a week and so I always associate physical activity with banging house music at 140 beats per minute.
This is not as crazy as you might think. Music and exercise have long been known to be close companions. 1______________. He is also the architect of the Brunel Music Rating Inventory, designed to rate the motivational qualities of music.
Karageorghis says we have an underlying predisposition to react to musicalstimuli. ‘Music is beneficial,’ he explains, ‘because of the similarities between rhythm and human movement. The synchronisation of music with exercise consistently demonstrates increased levels of work output among participants.’ 2__________________.
For James Cracknell, the rower, the ideal music was a Red Hot Chili Peppers’ album, which he says played an integralpart in his preparation andhis Olympic victory. 3_____________. If you are not familiar with this word, it means that during repetitive exercise, music essentially diverts attention away from the sensation of tiredness. The right music can almost persuade your body that you in fact having a nice sit down and a coffee.
Not everyone, however, shares the same taste in tunes. ‘Can you turn that racket down?’ said a participant in one of my classes before storming out. Reaching a consensus on music is notoriously tricky – which makes communal exercise classes problematic. There are, however, some rules that professional fitness instructors follow. 4____________________ .
Most importantly, however, the music should mirror your heartbeat. The instructor should choose the music to go with the different phrases of a class, from the warm up, to high intensity, to the final relaxing phrase. It’s advisable to follow this sequence when you work out alone, too, and not make the mistake a good friend of mine made. 5___________________ .
Instructors and gyms often buy ready-mixed CDs that come with a music licence, without which they can be fined heavily.A frequent complain by those who go to classes is that they hear the same old songs over and over again. 6_________________ . It is also true, sadly, that most people respond best in motivational terms to quite awful songs – music they wouldn’t necessarily be proud to have on their iPod.
Whatever your sport, I’d like to give you some final words of advice. Enjoy the beat and let the music motivate you.
Why do people start writing blogs?
7 says they use the personal blog in professional activities?
8 warns bloggers about a loss of privacy?
9 made a decision to improve the quality of the blog?
^ is not concerned about making errors in the blog?
11 felt no need to learn anything new before starting to write blogs?
12 lacked confidence in their ability to attract readers to the blog?
13 was surprised by the response to the blog?
14 values the fact that the blog provides a break from work?
^ remembers other people being less open about what they had written?
Read the personal stories of three bloggers.
A Ann Handley
Like many of my school friends, I used to spend hours every day writing a diary. But while they kept them hidden under their beds, I needed an audience, interaction and feedback. One day, my teacher encouraged me to join a pen friend organisation and I used to write pages of fascinating detail about my teacher, my friends, my dog … I even invented a few personalities, the details of which were far more interesting than my own life. So when one of my colleagues explained to me what blogging was all about – the frequent postings, the feedback, the trackbacks – I felt confident that I already knew all about it. I am now a marketing specialist and my blog is a business tool. But at the same time I am reliving the joy of communicating and the thrill of the conversation.
A year ago I was a professional minding my own business. When I started reading blogs, I would say to myself: ‘There’s so much information out there – so many smart people.’ I decided to start my own blog, but I had no idea what I was doing. I was basically a nobody and I was trying to get people to listen to me. What was I thinking? But then I created a visual for my blog and before I knew it, I had all these other blogs linking to me – doing weird stuff like trackbacks. I had no idea what a trackback was, but I went from forty hits a day to close to a hundred overnight. It was amazing! That’s when I stopped to think: if I wanted traffic, I needed to get some good content there, and that’s what really worked for me.
It’s great to have my personal blog because I feel free and if I make mistakes I learn from the experience. I’m a lecture, and it’s refreshing to be able to step outside my academic interests and into a different world. But it’s interesting that when you choose topics to write about you give others hints about yourself, and people do get to know you. So it’s not the thing to do if you want to remain anonymous. One of the first lessons I learnt is that the blogosphere is a genuine community. After asking a question in a blog comment about what qualities are needed in a good blog, I soon got spot-on advice from a blogger I didn’t even know. Then I had an invitation to a local face-to-face blogger meet-up, which was an amazing experience.
You are going to read a report about a mysterious creature that was sighted in the USA. For questions 16-20, choose the answer (A. B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
Over the yeas, there have been many sightings in various parts of the world of a mysterious large hairy creature, unknown to science. Although it hasneverbeencaptured,successfully filmed,the creature goes by various names, for example ‘Yeti’ in Asia and ‘Bigfoot’ in the USA.
One of the most interesting reports of recent years involves two men, Steve and Larry, who were on a mountain-biking weekend in the state of Washington in the USA. They were riding their bikes up Lookout Mountain near Bellingham. It was 11 a.m on a warm Sunday and the sky was deep blue. Suddenly Larry braked (затормозил). As Steve said later, ‘I was ahout to shout at him, but then I saw the look on his face. I knew it was somethmg serious, and then he looked over at me and pointed, and I looked over and there it was.’
What Steve saw was a large two-legged creature, covered with black fur, standing on a log at the bottom of a slope about 20 metres away The figure was about two metres tall and had its back turned to the men. At first, he presumed it was a bear, a familiar enough sight in that part of the world. It was only in sight for a few seconds before it jumped off the log away from them. ‘When itjumped off the log and landed on its feet,’explained Steve laughingnervously, that's when I knew it was something that I'd never seen before.’ The strange figure went down beside the log and disappeared. Steve said, ‘We both looked at each other and went, ‘Whoa!’
The men listened carefully, expecting to hear the creature making its escape through the undergrowth, but there was no rustling in the bushes. They'd heard it land on its feet on the ground, but now there was complete silence. Larry whispered, ‘That's odd. It must still be there.' Then they got scared. 'Let's get out of here!’ said Steve, The mentore off down the mountain, putting as muchdistance between themselves and the thing as theycould.
That evening Steve searched the Internet to find away of reporting the sighting and found me.Fortunately I was free and so able to go back to thescene with.Steve and some other friends just a fewdays later. Steve had got over his experience by then, and Larry had returned to work. Both men are intheir late 30s and work as commercial fishermen inthe waters of the Arctic. Steve is certainlyfit. But when we got to within 20 metres of the site, hebroke out into a cold sweat and began shaking. ‘Thisis the place,’ he said, and there could be little doubtthat it matched his earlier description. All my instinctstold me that his discomfort was genuine.
We found the log and discovered that some mosswhere the figure had supposedly stood had certainlybeen disturbed by something. On the other side ofthe log,there were some large impressions60 centimetres long on the ground. It was hard to tellwhat they were, but they certainly weren't bear prints. A few broken branches littered the area. We concluded that something big had been there, but it was impossible to tell what. We combed an area around 1,000 metres square, looking for hair or any other signs, but found nothing further.
^ Steve first realised thatsomething was wrong when
A Larry pointed at something.
B Larrystopped suddenly.
C Larry looked at him strangely.
D Larry shouted somethingto him.
17 When did Steve realise that hedidn't recognise the creature?
A as soon as he saw it
B when he saw now tall it was
C when it started to move
D after it had disappeared
18 What surprised the men aboutthe creature after it had jumped?
A the noises it made
B the place thatit landed
C the fact that it followed them
D the fact thatit didn’t run away
19 What did the writer notice about Steve when hereturned to the place where he'd seenthe creature?
^ He seemed to be cold.
B He seemed really frightened.
C He seemed unsure of his story.
D He couldn't look him in the eye.
20 What conclusions did the writer draw fromthe evidence at the site?
A There was no evidence to supportSteve's story.
B A large animal had certainly been there.
C Most of the evidence had been destroyed.
D Steve had probably seen a large bear.
Use of English
For questions 1-13, read the text below and and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap.
The birth of YouTube
In 2005, Chad Hurley and Steve Chen, two software designers from Silicon Valley in California, (1) ……… invited to a dinner party. Several people had brought their video cameras to the party and these people were complaining about (2) ……… difficult it was to share home videos online. That was when Chad and Steve came up (3) ……… the idea for YouTube, the site which makes (4) ……... easy to upload home videos onto the Internet. They formed a company, borrowed some money and (5) ……… themselves up in business.
It turned (6) ……… that millions of people already had short home video clips that they thought it (7) ……… be fun to share with other enthusiasts around the world. Launched in December 2005, YouTubesoon contained more (8) ……… a million short video clips. People were uploading 8000 clips a day, and watching three million a day. They had mostly heard about the site through word (9) ………. mouth, emailand hyperlink, and eighty percent of the clips had (10) ………. made by amateurs.
So why was YouTube such an immediate success? Researchers found out that, (11) ……… average,people were spending fifteen minutes on the site during each visit, (12) ………. was enough time to view several short funny clips. In (13) ………. words, they were using YouTubeto give them a little break from their work or study.
For questions 14-24, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits the gap in the same line.
Because of the 14….. number of cars on the roads, few INCREASE
people get the chanceto go out driving for 15 ….. these days. PLEASE
In Britain, traffic 16 ….. has increased by over seventy percent in DENSE
the last couple of decades, but there has been relatively little 17 … GROW
in the country’s road network. The result of more traffic on the roads
has been a greater emphasis on road 18…. and this has meant SAFE
the 19 …. of tougher speed regulations. As a result, those INTRODUCE
20 ….. who enjoy going fast are always in danger of being fined. MOTOR
One answer is something called a ‘track day’. This is an event where
people can drive their own cars around a racing line, and explore
the limits of its 21 ….. without the need to worry about other PERFORM
road users. Track days are not competitive events, and people go
for the pure 22 …. of driving. Track days are currently seeing ENJOY
an enormous boom in 23 …., with over six hundred a year POPULAR
held in Britain alone. A great 24 …… of vehicles can be found VARY
on the track at the same time and drivers have to follow a few basic rules.
Choose the most suitable word to complete each sentence. Write only the word on your answer sheet.
25. Last year this tree was struck by lightning / thunder/ a storm.
26. I like spring best, when the apple trees are in blooming / blossom/ flowers.
27. Something must be done to protect wild / wilderness/ wildlife.
28. When I want to relax, I go for a walk in the countryside / the nature/ the outside.
29. As there is little hope of being rescued, I have abandoned / decided/ resigned myself to the worst.
30. Tom didn’t believe us, and it took a long time to convince / establish/ confirm him.
Replace the words underlined with the most suitable phrase from the box. There is one phrase that you do not need to use. Write only this phrase on your answer sheet.
^ . I communicated regularly with most of my friends.
32. Ann spent her childhood years in London.
33. David and Jean dated for three months before they got engaged.
34. Helen had a good relationship with her in-laws.
35. Harry left home without his parents’ permission.
36. After a few weeks I went to live in the house of some friends.
For questions 37-43, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.
Write the second sentence on your answer sheet.
37. We get on very well with our next door neighbours.
We are _______________________ our next door neighbours.
38. Everybodywants Pauline as an after-dinner speaker.
Pauline ______________________as an after-dinner speaker.
39. After winning the match, the whole team was in a happy mood.
The whole team was _____________________ because of their victory.
40. I realised I had said something wrong.
I ______________________having said something wrong.
41. You’re not lucky today, I’m afraid.
You’re ___________________ today, I’m afraid.
42. You can’t get to the village because of the snow.
There’s ____________________ the village because of the snow.
^ The soldiers entered the castle while it was dark.
Under______________________, the soldiers entered the castle.
Your teacher has asked you to write a story for an international magazine. The story must end with the following words:
It had all ended well, but Sarah would never be able to forget how frightened she had been.
Write your story of about 120-150 words.
Points to remember
You should write your story on your answer sheet.
Английский язык, 9 класс, муниципальный этап
Английский язык, 10 – 11 класс, муниципальный этап
Listen to your partner and ask him /her 3 questions on his /her topic.
‘You definitelydisagree with the statement below. ‘Having a happy family and personal life is more important than a successful career’
Listen to your partner and ask him /her 3 questions on his /her topic.
‘You definitelyagree with the statement below‘Having a happy family and personal life is more important than a successful career’
Департамент образования Ярославской области
Центр образования школьников «Олимп»
‘You definitelydisagree with the statement below ‘Men are more interested in sport than women’
Listen to your partner and ask him /her 3 questions on his /her topic.
‘You definitelyagree with the statement below ‘Men are more interested in sport than women’
Департамент образования Ярославской области
Центр образования школьников «Олимп»
Всероссийская олимпиада школьников 2011-2012 учебного года
Тексты для аудирования
You will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer (A, B or C).
You now have one minute in which to look at Part One.
This was a one-week course, and I decided to go for it because at school I never had much time for art. I paid thirty pounds, which is reasonable when you consider that the materials are included. The thing is, although I didn't expect the teacher to do it all for me, I did at least expect some ideas about what to do, some useful tips, you know, like 'you should design your piece on paper first', which would've been useful. Anyway, the plate I produced didn't look very professional, but I made a great soap dish for my bathroom. I don't think the other students did much better.
With the summer approaching, and all this good weather we're having, it's time to start thinking of the outdoor life. Graham Sanders, who's an expert on mountain climbing, is going to be explaining how to make sure you get exactly the right kit. There's so many products now that finding the right items can be a difficult job. But by picking up some insider secrets you can be sure of making the right choice. And when you've got your gear home, it'll be time to show off all you can do! As Graham often says, with some preparation, anybody can climb even the highest mountain!
As soon as you start an exercise programme, you'll start looking healthier, and if you keep it up, you'll see the difference in the mirror within a few weeks Forget the scales, they're not a good way of telling if you're losing body fat. Replacing fat with .muscle makes you look better, but it may actually increase you weight, as muscle weighs more. So just look in the mirror and enjoy the improvement. And don't be fooled by the usual fad diets telling you to cut out sugar or bread. None of them work and some think they're downright dangerous.
F: Did you see the advert on the college noticeboard, about weekend jobs in the kitchens?
M: Yes, but really wanted something that's to my studies, you know, that would look on my CV. Mind you, it would get me out of the house and give me something a bit less serious to do. And, of course, it would help to have the extra money, what with the fees and the books I need this term.
F: I'm lucky not to have that problem. But I like the idea of meeting people: that really sounds fun and I don't think we should be worrying about our career prospects yet.
M: Jane! Great to see you on your bike! So at last you've left your car at home!
F: Well, it's not for the reasons you think. I’ve put the car up for sale – on my student income it just didn’t work. I know, I know, don't start lecturing me about car fumes, the ozone layer, the polluted air we breathe ... Look at the state I'm in after a quarter of an hour of cycling!
Exhausted and cold, who knows, I might have caught flu or something.
^ If you're ill, you shouldn't be doing this of course.
F:Oh, don't worry. I'm sure I'll feel better when I warm up a bit.
Scrambling is often described as the grey area between walking and climbing - technically, as soon as you start to put your hands on rock, it becomes a scramble. However, one person's scrambling is another person's climbing - it depends on your perception. If you come from a walking background,as soon as your hand touches the ground you may class that as a scramble, whereas if you're from a climbing background, you'd think differently. The typical scramblers are people who find rock climbing too difficult or who don't have a head for heights.
Now for the weather in the north east for the rest of today and tomorrow. The spell of cold weather, brought in by arctic winds, is set to continue today with increasing cloud this afternoon, followed by snow showers in the evening. Tomorrow's looking more promising, with temperatures rising by two or three degrees as a result of a few more hours of sunshine, though the wind will remain strong, perhaps slightly less so than today, with gusts of up to 80 kilometres an hour in most areas. The severe weather's likely to continue well into next week.
And now some news about the Orion Theatre. The local council has decided to concentrate financial support on other venues in the city centre, after realising that the Orion would've needed about fourteen million pounds of investment to save it. An award-winning film-maker will make a 45- minute documentary which will follow the staff and production companies as the Orion Theatre enters its final season, including interviews with famous performers. The aim is to concentrate on the achievements of the theatre as a venue for arts in the local community since it first opened its doors in 1989, and on its reputation for innovative and creative theatre.
That's the end of Part One. There will be now a pause of forty seconds for you to copy your answers on your answer sheet.
You will hear five different people talking about concerts they went to.
(Пауза 30 секунд. В это время член жюри читает задание.)
For questions 9-13, choose from the list (A-F) the opinion each speaker expresses about the concert. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
The concert went on for three hours and it featured a variety of bands. I'd have preferred something shorter and of higher quality, to be honest. The first band to come on, The Beats, didn't seem to have rehearsed their set very well. Nice catchy rhythms, but otherwise it was a mess. What made the evening worthwhile for me was the fact that all profits from ticket sales were going to a charity devoted to child care. There was a huge audience because you don't often get the chance to see so many bands at one venue, and only for a few dollars.
This was a concert by Brighton Club, a great rock band just back from a successful tour of Latin America. But the first part was all new stuff - and a bit boring. And although everyone was shouting out the titles of songs they wanted to hear, the band took no notice, which was a shame. I mean it's a bit bad when you finally get the chance to see your favourite band live and then they refuse to play their best songs. Anyway, after a while, we all started getting into the new material and by the end the audience response was great. So I don't think anybody minded forty dollars they'd paid.
This was a concert by Celia Samson and her band, who play pop with some touches of jazz and country. She's got a beautiful voice, but the rest of the band let her down rather. At times it felt a bit like a high-school recital, with the audience clapping and cheering all the time when there was nothing much to shout about. All fine and good, except I don't particularly enjoy paying thirty dollars for a high-school performance where profits go to second-class musicians. Mind you, I've paid that kind of money in the past for concerts to help research, or to fight world poverty, but that's a different thing entirely
This was a concert by the Brenda Amis band. I wouldn't have wanted to miss the beginning - a huge cloud of smoke swelled on the stage, and out of it emerged Brenda Amis, with jet-black hair piled up with a feather and a big flower on top. I know some people would've wanted her to include her latest songs, but I was happy enough that the night was all about the old favourites I've listened to so many times. At the end, she had a short exchange with the audience: 'Thanks so much, guys. You're so nice.', and then she sang 'Only for Big Girls', and got a standing ovation.
This was a gig by the Sam Barnes Band. Sam's my favourite guitarist right now. His approach to the instrument is the complete opposite to tradition - he'll hold the guitar upside down with the neck touching the ground. The music's punk and he's got a great band, particularly the bass player and the drummer. They've done some CDs, but they've never yet made a record that really captures what they do on stage. You're less likely to be impressed by their recordings, but people were just stunned at the gig it blew everybody's mind, I only wished they'd played more of my favourite tracks, but you can't have everything. .
That's the end of Part Two. There will be now a pause of forty seconds for you to copy your answers on your answer sheet.
Now turn to Part Three.
You will hear an interview with Monica Darcey, who has written a bestselling book about gardening.
(Пауза20 секунд. В это время член жюри читает задание.)
For questions 14-20, choose the best answer (A, B or C).You now have one minute in which to look at Part 3.
Interviewer: Monica, welcome to the programme. Your book Make your garden unique has been a great success. But why would people want to buy a book about gardening instead of just buying some plants and putting them in the ground?
Monica Darcey: Hello! Well, yes, I think that's what most people do when they move into a place, there's often little time to think. Lots of readers have written to me saying that's what they'd done, gone to a garden centre, spent a lot of money on seeds and plants, with not very good results. In fact I think people with that sort of experience make up the majority of my readers!
Interviewer: So, how did your interest in gardening start? Were your parents keen gardeners?
Monica Darcey: Well, people imagine I must come from a family of gardeners. In fact, my parents would have much rather seen me developing an interest in sport, as they were both water sports teachers. But I was forever catching colds and that put me off. Seeing me spending hours in the garden, showing little interest in the world outside plants was a cause for concern rather than pride for them though.
Interviewer: And how did you go from gardener to writer?
^ Well, I did win a short-story prize at school, and enjoyed writing essays at college, but I had no real passion for writing then. I was making a good living looking after gardens. Then one day I was working in a nature reserve and I had to write about my day at work for an environmental project. It gave me such a feeling of achievement that when I saw an advert for a gardening journalist on a magazine, applied, thinking I could do it in my spare time when I wasn't gardening.
Interviewer: And you got the job?
Monica Darcey: I did, but after a while they made me an editor, which was a kind of promotion, but editors tend to find themselves doing everything but writing, and I'm happiest when being creative, so I decided it was time for a change. My bosses weren't very happy about it, I must say. So I went back to working all hours planting trees and flowers.
Interviewer: And that's when you starting writing your book, is that right?
^ Yes, and I've never looked back, really. I’m now writing my second book, about gardens around the world.
Interviewer: So, what makes your gardening books so special for readers?
Monica Darcey: It takes years of experience to learn to write attractively. It must flow perfectly when you read it, as if it had required no effort at all. But to answer your question, I suppose it's the fact that I'm not merely providing information, because that would make a jolly dull piece of writing - I don't assume everyone's fascinated by gardening, and I include some interviews, the kind of personal experience that may amuse the reader. Of course the information is all correct, and well researched, but that has to be the case with any serious writer.
Interviewer: Do you choose the photographs for your books?
Monica Darcey: I do. The quality of photography is excellent now of course. It's been a fantastic development in that it's brought many more people into gardening. Magazines and books devote a lot of space to photography, and quite rightly. But the pictures often show how things might be, rather than how they are, that's my only criticism. The writing's still the important part though, readers don't just buy beautiful pictures.
Interviewer: Finally, we've heard you've been asked to take part in a TV programme.
Monica Darcey: I have, and I'm still thinking about it. The idea is that I'd interview people who've designed some of the most amazing gardens in Europe - it would get me away from my writing routine which does get a bit too much at times, and it would give me plenty of ideas. It's also true that such a programme can make you into a kind of celebrity and I'm not sure I'm ready for that, you know, you start being recognised in the street. Although my publisher says that that's something I should be really happy about!
Now you'll hear Part Three again. (The text is repeated.)
That's the end of Part Three. Now copy your answers on your answer sheet.
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Многообразие политических систем в странах современного мира в частности проявляется в
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